What is Synchronized Skating?

… What is Synchronized Skating?

This type of ice skating gets its roots from the ice shows of the 40’s and 50’s. It actually began in 1956 when some skaters were performing synchronized routines during the intermission of hockey games. The first international competition was held in Ann Arbor in 1976. By 1994 the International Skating Union started to sanction international competitions. The first World Challenge Cup was held in Boston, in 1996 and the first World Championships was held April, 2003 in Minneapolis. Over 16 countries have synchronized teams. Synchronized skating requires a high quality of edge work, speed, agility and the ability to work as a team to accomplish specific patterns and formations skated to a musical number. Skaters must not only be technically proficient individually, but must spend many hours working with teammates to achieve straight lines and matching flow.

figure skating richmond vaElements and Levels:

Elements in synchronized skating include blocks, circles, wheels, lines, intersections, moves in the field, moves in isolation, no-hold blocks, spins and pairs moves. The variety and difficulty of elements require that each team member is a highly skilled individual skater. The typical senior-level athlete has passed a senior or gold test in at least two disciplines.


 

Team Definitions:

Rules for each synchronized team level are defined in the U.S. Figure Skating Rulebook. All ages are as of July 1 preceding the competitive season. All test requirements must be met by the close of entries.

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  • Synchro Skills 1, 2 or 3: A team of 8-16 skaters. No skater may have passed higher than preliminary in any discipline, and the majority of the team must be no test. Please see the beginner page for specific information related to each beginner level.
  • Preliminary: A team of 8-16 skaters. Skaters must be under 12, with the majority of the team under 10.
  • Pre-juvenile: A team of 8-16 skaters. The majority of the team must be under 12.
  • Open Juvenile: A team of 8-16 skaters. The majority of the team must be under 19. All skaters must have passed the pre-preliminary moves in the field test.
  • Juvenile: A team of 12-20 skaters. Skaters must be under 13 and have passed the preliminary moves in the field test.
  • Intermediate: A team of 12-20 skaters. Skaters must be under 18 and have passed the pre juvenile moves in the field test.
  • Novice: A team of 12-20 skaters. Skaters must be under 16 and have passed the juvenile moves in the field test.
  • Junior: A team of 12-16 skaters. Skaters must be at least 12 years old and under 19. All skaters must have passed the intermediate moves in the field test.
  • Senior: A team of 16 skaters. Skaters must be at least 14 years old and have passed the novice moves in the field test.
  • Open Collegiate: A team of 8-16 skaters. Skaters must be enrolled in a college or degree program as either part-time or full-time students.
  • Collegiate: A team of 12-20 skaters. Skaters must be enrolled in a college or degree program as full-time students and have passed the juvenile moves in the field test.
  • Open Adult: A team of 8 to 16 skaters. The majority of skaters must be at least 19 years or old.
  • Open Masters: A team of 8-16 skaters. All skaters must be 25 years or older, with the majority of the team 30 years or older.
  • Masters: A team or 12-20 skaters. All skaters must be 25 years or older, with the majority of the team 30 years or older.
  • Adult: A team of 12-20 skaters. All skaters must be 21 years or older, exception that up to four skaters may be 18, 19 or 20. All skaters must have passed at least one of the following tests: preliminary moves in the field, adult bronze moves in the field, preliminary figure or preliminary dance.